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Casino Royale is the 21st film in the Eon Productions James Bond film series and the first to It marked the 60th Royal Film Performance and benefited the Cinema.

Casino Royale is the first novel by the British author Ian Fleming. Casino royal 2016 init is the first James Bond bookand it paved the way for a further eleven novels and two short story collections by Fleming, followed by numerous continuation Bond novels by other authors. The story concerns the British secret agent James Bondgambling at the casino in Royale-les-Eaux to bankrupt Le Chiffrethe treasurer of a French union a member of the Russian secret service.

Bond is supported in his endeavours by Vesper Lynda member of his own service, as well as Felix Leiter of the CIA and René Mathis of the French Deuxième Bureau. Fleming used his wartime experiences casino royal 2016 a member of the Naval Intelligence Divisionand the people he met during casino royal 2016 work, to provide plot elements; the character of Bond also reflected many of Fleming's personal tastes.

Fleming wrote the draft in early at his Casino royal 2016 estate in Jamaica while awaiting his marriage. He was initially unsure whether the work was suitable for publication, but was assured by his friend, the novelist William Plomerthat the novel had promise. Within the spy storyline, Casino Royale deals with themes of Britain's position in the world, particularly the relationship with the US in light of the defections to the Soviet Union of the British traitors Guy Burgess casino royal 2016 Donald Maclean.

The book was given broadly positive reviews by critics at the time and sold out in less than a month after its UK release on 13 Aprilalthough US sales upon release a year later were much slower. Since publication Casino Royale has appeared as a comic strip in a British national newspaper, The Daily Express. It has been also adapted for the screen three times: M casino royal 2016, the Head of the British Secret Serviceassigns James Bond, to play against and bankrupt Le Chiffrethe paymaster for a SMERSH -controlled trade union, in a high-stakes baccarat game at the Royale-les-Eaux casino in northern France.

As part of Bond's cover as rich Jamaican playboy, M also assigns as his companion Vesper Lyndpersonal assistant to the Head of Section S Soviet Union. The CIA online casino to play for the French Deuxième Bureau also send agents as observers.

The game soon turns into an intense confrontation between Le Chiffre and Bond; Casino royal 2016 Chiffre wins the first round, cleaning Bond out of his funds. As Bond contemplates the prospect of his failure to M, the CIA agent, Felix Leiter casino royal 2016, gives him an envelope of money and a note: With the compliments of the USA. Bond eventually wins, casino royal 2016 from Le Chiffre eighty million francs belonging to SMERSH.

Desperate to recover the money, Le Chiffre kidnaps Lynd and tortures Bond, threatening to kill them both if he does not get the money back. During the torture, a SMERSH assassin enters and casino royal 2016 Le Chiffre as punishment for losing the money.

Lynd visits Bond every day as he recuperates in hospital, and he gradually realises that he loves her; he even contemplates leaving the Secret Service to settle down with her. When he is released from hospital they spend time together at a quiet guest house and eventually become lovers. One day they see a mysterious man named Gettler tracking their movements, which greatly distresses Lynd.

The following morning, Bond finds that she has committed suicide. She leaves behind a note explaining that she had been working as an unwilling double agent for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.

SMERSH had kidnapped casino royal 2016 lover, a Polish Royal Air Force pilot, who had revealed information casino royal 2016 her under torture; SMERSH then used that information to blackmail her into helping them undermine Bond's mission, including her own faked kidnapping.

She had tried to start a new life with Bond, but upon seeing Gettler—a SMERSH agent—she realised that she would never be free of her tormentors, and that staying with Bond would only put him in danger. Bond informs his service of Lynd's casino royal 2016, coldly telling his contact, "The bitch is dead now.

Ian Flemingborn inwas a son of Valentine Fleminga casino flash casino royal 2016 and MP who died in action on the Western Front in May Educated at EtonSandhurst and, briefly, the universities of Munich and GenevaFleming moved through several jobs before he was recruited by Rear Admiral John Godfreythe Director of Naval Intelligenceto become his personal assistant. Fleming joined the organisation full-time in August[2] [3] with the codename "17F", [4] and worked for them throughout the war.

Early in he began an check this out with Ann O'Neill née Charteriswho was married to the 3rd Baron O'Neill. In Fleming attended an Anglo-American intelligence summit in Jamaica and, casino royal 2016 the constant heavy rain during his visit, he decided to live on the island once the war was over. Fleming mentioned both his wartime Operation Goldeneye [8] and Carson McCullers ' novel Reflections in a Golden Eyewhich described the use of British naval bases in the Caribbean by the Casino royal 2016 Navy.

Upon Fleming's demobilisation in Mayhe became the Foreign Manager in the Kemsley newspaper ma casino, which at the time owned The Casino royal 2016 Times. In this role he oversaw the paper's worldwide network of correspondents.

His contract allowed him to take two months holiday every winter in Jamaica. Fleming had previously mentioned to friends that he wanted to write a spy novel, [3] but it was not until earlyto distract himself from his forthcoming nuptials, that he began to write Casino Royale at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica on 17 February; he typed casino royal 2016 2, words in the morning, directly from his own experiences and imagination, [10] [11] and finished work on the manuscript in March In May he wrote a piece for Books and Bookmen magazine in which he said: I never correct anything and I never go back to see what I casino royal 2016 written By following my formula, you write 2, words a day.

Back in London, Fleming had his manuscript—which he described as his "dreadful oafish opus" [15] —retyped by Joan Howe, his red-haired secretary at The Times on whom the character Miss Moneypenny was partly based. At first they were unenthusiastic, but were persuaded to publish on the recommendation of Fleming's casino royal 2016 brother, Peteran established travel writer whose books they managed.

Although Fleming provided no dates within his novels, two writers have identified different timelines based on events and situations within the novel series as a whole. John Griswold and Henry Chancellor—both of whom have written books on behalf of Ian Fleming Publications —put the events of Casino Royale in ; Griswold allows a possible second timeframe and considers the story could have taken place in either May to Julyor Casino royal 2016 to July Casino Royale was inspired by certain incidents that took place during Fleming's wartime career at the Naval Intelligence Division NIDor by events of which he was aware.

On a trip to Portugal, en route to the United States, Fleming and the NID Director, Admiral Godfrey, went to the Estoril Casino. Because of Portugal's neutral status, Estoril's population had been swelled by spies and agents from the warring regimes. Fleming claimed that while there he was link out by a "chief German agent" at a table playing chemin de fer.

The failed attempt to kill Bond while at Royale-Les-Eaux was inspired by Fleming's knowledge casino royal 2016 the attempted assassination of Franz von PapenVice-Chancellor of Germany and an ambassador under Hitler.

Both Papen and Bond survived their assassination attempts, carried out by Bulgarians, because trees protected them from the blasts. Fleming also included four references in the novel to "Red Indians", including twice on the last page, which came from a unit of commandosknown as No. The lead character of Casino Royale is James Bond, an agent of the Secret Service. Fleming initially named the character James Secretan before he appropriated the name of James Bondauthor of the ornithology guide, Birds of the West Indies.

Fleming decided that Bond should resemble both the American singer Hoagy Carmichael and himself, [30] and in the novel Lynd remarks that "Bond reminds me rather of Hoagy Carmichael, but there casino royal 2016 something cold and ruthless.

Bond's order, to be served in a deep champagne gobletwas for "three measures of Gordon'sone of vodkahalf a measure of Kina Lillet. Shake it very well until go here ice-cold, then add a large thin slice of lemon peel. Speaking of Casino royal 2016 origins, Fleming said that "he was a compound of all the secret agents and commando types I met during the war", [38] although the author gave many of his own traits to the character.

Fleming used the casino to introduce Bond in casino royal 2016 first novel because "skill at gambling and knowledge of how to behave in a casino were seen Bond's superior, M, was largely based casino royal 2016 Godfrey, Fleming's NID superior officer; [42] Godfrey was known for his bellicose and irascible temperament.

Fleming later said of his work, "while thrillers may not be Literature with a capital L, it is possible to write what I can best describe casino royal 2016 'thrillers designed to be read as literature ' ". The semiotician and essayist, Umberto Ecoin his examination of the Bond books, "The Narrative Structure of Ian Fleming", considered that Fleming "has a rhythm, a polish, a certain sensuous feeling for words.

That is not to say that Fleming is an artist; yet he writes with art. Casino Royale casino royal 2016 written after, and was heavily influenced by, the Second World War; [40] Britain was still an imperial power, check this out and the Western and Eastern blocs were engaged casino royal 2016 the Cold War.

In parts of central London, including Oxford Street and High Holborn still had uncleared bomb sites and, while sweets had ceased being rationed, coal and other food items were still regulated. Casino Royale deals with the question of Anglo-American relations, reflecting the real-world central role of the US in the defence of the West.

Amis, in his exploration of Bond in The James Bond Dossierpointed out that Leiter is "such a nonentity as a piece of characterization The treachery of Le Chiffre, with the overtones of a fifth casino royal 2016struck a chord with the largely British readership as Communist influence in the trade unions had been an issue in the press and parliament at the time.

Benson considers the most obvious theme of the novel to be good versus evil. In light of Bond's conversation, Casino royal 2016 identifies a crisis of confidence in Bond's character, where he has "moved beyond good and evil" to the point where he does his job not because of principles, but to pursue personal battles.

Black also identifies a mechanism Fleming uses in Casino Royale —and in subsequent Bond novels—which is to use the evil of his opponents both as a justification of his actions, and as a device to foil their own plans.

Black refers casino royal 2016 the episode of the attempted assassination of Bond by Bulgarian assassins which results in their own deaths. Casino Royale was first released on 13 April in the UK as ganz closest hotel to mohegan sun casino bleibt hardback edition by publishers Jonathan Cape, [73] with a cover devised by Fleming.

In the US three publishers turned the book down before Macmillan Publishing Co offered Fleming a deal. Hugh I'Anson Faussetwriting in The Manchester Guardianthought that Casino Royale was "a first-rate visit web page John Betjemanwriting in The Daily Telegraphconsidered that "Ian Fleming has discovered the secret of the narrative casino royal 2016 Thus the visit web page has to go on reading".

The critic for Time magazine examined Raymond Chandler 's The Long Goodbye alongside Casino Royale ; he praised Casino Royalesaying that "Fleming keeps his incidents and characters spinning casino royal 2016 their paces like juggling balls. Writing for The New York TimesAnthony Boucher wrote that the book belongs "pretty much to the private-eye school" of fiction.

But then he decides to pad out the book to novel length and leads the weary reader through a set of tough clichés to an ending which surprises nobody save Operative You should certainly begin this book; but you might as well stop when the baccarat game is over.

For this Americanised version of the story, Bond is an American agent, described as working for "Combined Intelligence", while the character Leiter from the original novel is British, renamed "Clarence Leiter".

The agent for Station S. Feldman represented Ratoff's widow and obtained the rights to make a film version. The film, which cast David Niven as Bond, was made with five credited directors plus one uncredited and a article source that included Peter SellersUrsula AndressOrson Welles and Woody Allen.

Casino Royale was learn more here first James Bond novel to be adapted as a daily comic strip ; it was published in The Daily Express and syndicated worldwide. McLusky felt that Fleming's looked too "outdated" and "pre-war" and changed Bond to give him a more masculine look. Following the adaptation, the rights to the film remained with Columbia Films until when the studio, and the rights to casino royal 2016 intellectual property portfolio was acquired by the Japanese company Sony.

This led to Eon Productions making the film Casino Royale. Casino Royale is a reboot[] showing Bond at the beginning of his casino royal 2016 as a agent and overall stays true to the original novel. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Casino Royale First edition cover, conceived by Fleming. For other uses, ginger mckenna Casino Royale.

James Bond is the culmination of an important but much-maligned tradition casino royal 2016 English literature. As a boy, Fleming devoured the Bulldog Drummond casino royal 2016 of Lieutenant Colonel Herman Cyril McNeile aka "Sapper" and the Richard Hannay stories of John Buchan. His genius was to repackage these casino royal 2016 adventures to fit the fashion of postwar Britain In Bond, he created a Bulldog Drummond for the jet age.

Then the soul erosion produced by high gambling — a compost of greed and fear and nervous tension — becomes unbearable and the senses awake and revolt from it.

Ian Fleming Publications state that it was "in not much more than two months", [13] while the academic Jeremy Black states that it was on 18 March Ian's are the only modern thrillers with built-in commercials. Retrieved 15 January Early draft of Casino Royale reveals what Ian Fleming wanted to call his super spy".

The Independent on Sunday. Center for the National Interest The Times Literary Supplement. Murder Is Their Business". The New York Times. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 19 January Campbell on Casino Royale". Daniel Craig as the Bond—Bond Girl Hybrid in Casino Royale". The Journal of Popular Culture. The James Bond Dossier.

Barnes, Alan; Hearn, Marcus Bennett, Tony ; Woollacott, Janet The Political Career of a Popular Hero. The James Bond Phenomenon: The James Bond Bedside Companion.

The Politics of James Bond: University of Nebraska Press. The Best in English Since Butler, William Vivian James Bond and Existentialism". In Held, Jacob M. James Bond and Philosophy: The Man casino royal 2016 His World. Legal Issues in the Music Industry. Faulks, Sebastian ; Fleming, Ian Fleming, Ian []. Fleming, Ian; Http://, Henry; McLusky, John Man with the Golden Pen.

Ian Fleming's James Bond: Annotations And Chronologies for Ian Fleming's Bond Stories. Kerr, Sheila Jan Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. For Your Eyes Only. Nudd, John October more info The Book and Magazine Collector. Diamond Publishing Group Bingo hall casino Life of Ian Fleming: Creator of James Bond. Pfeiffer, Lee; Worrall, Dave The Story of 30 Assault Unit in WWII.

The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction. The Rough Guide to James Bond. Upton, John August James Bond novels and short stories. Casino Royale Live and Let Die Moonraker Diamonds Are Forever From Russia, with Love Dr. Casino royal 2016 Goldfinger For Your Eyes Only Thunderball The Spy Who Loved Me On Her Majesty's Secret Service You Only Live Twice The Man with the Golden Gun Octopussy and The Living Daylights Licence Renewed For Special Services Icebreaker Role of Honour Nobody Lives for Ever No Deals, Mr.

Bond Scorpius Win, Lose or Die Brokenclaw The Man from Barbarossa Death is Forever Never Send Flowers SeaFire Cold Zero Minus Ten The Facts of Death High Time to Kill DoubleShot Never Dream of Dying The Man with the Red Tattoo Devil May Care James Bond, The Spy Who Loved Me James Bond and Moonraker Licence casino royal 2016 Kill GoldenEye Tomorrow Never Dies The World Is Not Enough Die Another Day The Adventures of James Bond Junior ½ The Authorized Biography of Young Bond series Charlie Higson.

SilverFin Blood Fever Double or Casino royal 2016 Hurricane Gold By Royal Command Young Bond easiest to at casino Steve Cole. Shoot to Kill Heads You Die The Moneypenny Diaries Samantha Weinberg.

Guardian Angel Secret Servant Final Fling Bond" Licence Expired: The Unauthorized James Bond Per Fine Ounce " The Heart of Erzulie " Double O Seven, James Bond, A Report The James Bond Dossier The Book of Bond The James Bond Films: Just click for source Behind the Scenes History The James Bond Bedside Companion The Battle for Bond Danger Society: The Young Bond Dossier Works by Ian Fleming.

No Goldfinger Thunderball The Spy Who Loved Me On Her Majesty's Article source Service You Only Live Twice The Man with the Golden Gun For Your Eyes Only Octopussy and The Living Daylights The Diamond Smugglers Thrilling Cities Trout memo attributed, The Man from U.

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First edition cover, conceived by Fleming. Live and Let Die. Ian Fleming Casino Royale Live and Let Die Moonraker Diamonds Are Forever From Russia, with Love Dr. Christopher Wood James Bond, The Spy Casino royal 2016 Loved Me James Bond and Moonraker Mascott The Adventures of James Bond Junior ½ Raymond Benson " Blast from the Past " " Midsummer Night's Doom " " Live at Five "

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